e_cosh.c 2.42 KB
Newer Older
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52

/* @(#)e_cosh.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice 
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

/* __ieee754_cosh(x)
 * Method : 
 * mathematically cosh(x) if defined to be (exp(x)+exp(-x))/2
 *	1. Replace x by |x| (cosh(x) = cosh(-x)). 
 *	2. 
 *		                                        [ exp(x) - 1 ]^2 
 *	    0        <= x <= ln2/2  :  cosh(x) := 1 + -------------------
 *			       			           2*exp(x)
 *
 *		                                  exp(x) +  1/exp(x)
 *	    ln2/2    <= x <= 22     :  cosh(x) := -------------------
 *			       			          2
 *	    22       <= x <= lnovft :  cosh(x) := exp(x)/2 
 *	    lnovft   <= x <= ln2ovft:  cosh(x) := exp(x/2)/2 * exp(x/2)
 *	    ln2ovft  <  x	    :  cosh(x) := huge*huge (overflow)
 *
 * Special cases:
 *	cosh(x) is |x| if x is +INF, -INF, or NaN.
 *	only cosh(0)=1 is exact for finite x.
 */

#include "fdlibm.h"

#ifdef __STDC__
static const double one = 1.0, half=0.5, huge = 1.0e300;
#else
static double one = 1.0, half=0.5, huge = 1.0e300;
#endif

#ifdef __STDC__
	double __ieee754_cosh(double x)
#else
	double __ieee754_cosh(x)
	double x;
#endif
{	
	double t,w;
	int ix;
	unsigned lx;
53
	union { int i[2]; double d; } ux;
54
55

    /* High word of |x|. */
56
57
        ux.d = x;
	ix = ux.i[HIWORD];
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
	ix &= 0x7fffffff;

    /* x is INF or NaN */
	if(ix>=0x7ff00000) return x*x;	

    /* |x| in [0,0.5*ln2], return 1+expm1(|x|)^2/(2*exp(|x|)) */
	if(ix<0x3fd62e43) {
65
	    t = fdlibm_expm1(fabs(x));
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
	    w = one+t;
	    if (ix<0x3c800000) return w;	/* cosh(tiny) = 1 */
	    return one+(t*t)/(w+w);
	}

    /* |x| in [0.5*ln2,22], return (exp(|x|)+1/exp(|x|)/2; */
	if (ix < 0x40360000) {
		t = __ieee754_exp(fabs(x));
		return half*t+half/t;
	}

    /* |x| in [22, log(maxdouble)] return half*exp(|x|) */
	if (ix < 0x40862E42)  return half*__ieee754_exp(fabs(x));

    /* |x| in [log(maxdouble), overflowthresold] */
	lx = *( (((*(unsigned*)&one)>>29)) + (unsigned*)&x);
	if (ix<0x408633CE || 
	      (ix==0x408633ce)&&(lx<=(unsigned)0x8fb9f87d)) {
	    w = __ieee754_exp(half*fabs(x));
	    t = half*w;
	    return t*w;
	}

    /* |x| > overflowthresold, cosh(x) overflow */
	return huge*huge;
}