Commit 359d84fb authored by Raymond Toy's avatar Raymond Toy
Browse files

Import inverse trig functions from fdlibm, as is.

parent 7adafd92
/* @(#)e_acos.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*
* ====================================================
* Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
* software is freely granted, provided that this notice
* is preserved.
* ====================================================
*/
/* __ieee754_acos(x)
* Method :
* acos(x) = pi/2 - asin(x)
* acos(-x) = pi/2 + asin(x)
* For |x|<=0.5
* acos(x) = pi/2 - (x + x*x^2*R(x^2)) (see asin.c)
* For x>0.5
* acos(x) = pi/2 - (pi/2 - 2asin(sqrt((1-x)/2)))
* = 2asin(sqrt((1-x)/2))
* = 2s + 2s*z*R(z) ...z=(1-x)/2, s=sqrt(z)
* = 2f + (2c + 2s*z*R(z))
* where f=hi part of s, and c = (z-f*f)/(s+f) is the correction term
* for f so that f+c ~ sqrt(z).
* For x<-0.5
* acos(x) = pi - 2asin(sqrt((1-|x|)/2))
* = pi - 0.5*(s+s*z*R(z)), where z=(1-|x|)/2,s=sqrt(z)
*
* Special cases:
* if x is NaN, return x itself;
* if |x|>1, return NaN with invalid signal.
*
* Function needed: sqrt
*/
#include "fdlibm.h"
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double
#else
static double
#endif
one= 1.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x3FF00000, 0x00000000 */
pi = 3.14159265358979311600e+00, /* 0x400921FB, 0x54442D18 */
pio2_hi = 1.57079632679489655800e+00, /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54442D18 */
pio2_lo = 6.12323399573676603587e-17, /* 0x3C91A626, 0x33145C07 */
pS0 = 1.66666666666666657415e-01, /* 0x3FC55555, 0x55555555 */
pS1 = -3.25565818622400915405e-01, /* 0xBFD4D612, 0x03EB6F7D */
pS2 = 2.01212532134862925881e-01, /* 0x3FC9C155, 0x0E884455 */
pS3 = -4.00555345006794114027e-02, /* 0xBFA48228, 0xB5688F3B */
pS4 = 7.91534994289814532176e-04, /* 0x3F49EFE0, 0x7501B288 */
pS5 = 3.47933107596021167570e-05, /* 0x3F023DE1, 0x0DFDF709 */
qS1 = -2.40339491173441421878e+00, /* 0xC0033A27, 0x1C8A2D4B */
qS2 = 2.02094576023350569471e+00, /* 0x40002AE5, 0x9C598AC8 */
qS3 = -6.88283971605453293030e-01, /* 0xBFE6066C, 0x1B8D0159 */
qS4 = 7.70381505559019352791e-02; /* 0x3FB3B8C5, 0xB12E9282 */
#ifdef __STDC__
double __ieee754_acos(double x)
#else
double __ieee754_acos(x)
double x;
#endif
{
double z,p,q,r,w,s,c,df;
int hx,ix;
hx = __HI(x);
ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
if(ix>=0x3ff00000) { /* |x| >= 1 */
if(((ix-0x3ff00000)|__LO(x))==0) { /* |x|==1 */
if(hx>0) return 0.0; /* acos(1) = 0 */
else return pi+2.0*pio2_lo; /* acos(-1)= pi */
}
return (x-x)/(x-x); /* acos(|x|>1) is NaN */
}
if(ix<0x3fe00000) { /* |x| < 0.5 */
if(ix<=0x3c600000) return pio2_hi+pio2_lo;/*if|x|<2**-57*/
z = x*x;
p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
r = p/q;
return pio2_hi - (x - (pio2_lo-x*r));
} else if (hx<0) { /* x < -0.5 */
z = (one+x)*0.5;
p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
s = sqrt(z);
r = p/q;
w = r*s-pio2_lo;
return pi - 2.0*(s+w);
} else { /* x > 0.5 */
z = (one-x)*0.5;
s = sqrt(z);
df = s;
__LO(df) = 0;
c = (z-df*df)/(s+df);
p = z*(pS0+z*(pS1+z*(pS2+z*(pS3+z*(pS4+z*pS5)))));
q = one+z*(qS1+z*(qS2+z*(qS3+z*qS4)));
r = p/q;
w = r*s+c;
return 2.0*(df+w);
}
}
/* @(#)e_asin.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*
* ====================================================
* Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
* software is freely granted, provided that this notice
* is preserved.
* ====================================================
*/
/* __ieee754_asin(x)
* Method :
* Since asin(x) = x + x^3/6 + x^5*3/40 + x^7*15/336 + ...
* we approximate asin(x) on [0,0.5] by
* asin(x) = x + x*x^2*R(x^2)
* where
* R(x^2) is a rational approximation of (asin(x)-x)/x^3
* and its remez error is bounded by
* |(asin(x)-x)/x^3 - R(x^2)| < 2^(-58.75)
*
* For x in [0.5,1]
* asin(x) = pi/2-2*asin(sqrt((1-x)/2))
* Let y = (1-x), z = y/2, s := sqrt(z), and pio2_hi+pio2_lo=pi/2;
* then for x>0.98
* asin(x) = pi/2 - 2*(s+s*z*R(z))
* = pio2_hi - (2*(s+s*z*R(z)) - pio2_lo)
* For x<=0.98, let pio4_hi = pio2_hi/2, then
* f = hi part of s;
* c = sqrt(z) - f = (z-f*f)/(s+f) ...f+c=sqrt(z)
* and
* asin(x) = pi/2 - 2*(s+s*z*R(z))
* = pio4_hi+(pio4-2s)-(2s*z*R(z)-pio2_lo)
* = pio4_hi+(pio4-2f)-(2s*z*R(z)-(pio2_lo+2c))
*
* Special cases:
* if x is NaN, return x itself;
* if |x|>1, return NaN with invalid signal.
*
*/
#include "fdlibm.h"
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double
#else
static double
#endif
one = 1.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x3FF00000, 0x00000000 */
huge = 1.000e+300,
pio2_hi = 1.57079632679489655800e+00, /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54442D18 */
pio2_lo = 6.12323399573676603587e-17, /* 0x3C91A626, 0x33145C07 */
pio4_hi = 7.85398163397448278999e-01, /* 0x3FE921FB, 0x54442D18 */
/* coefficient for R(x^2) */
pS0 = 1.66666666666666657415e-01, /* 0x3FC55555, 0x55555555 */
pS1 = -3.25565818622400915405e-01, /* 0xBFD4D612, 0x03EB6F7D */
pS2 = 2.01212532134862925881e-01, /* 0x3FC9C155, 0x0E884455 */
pS3 = -4.00555345006794114027e-02, /* 0xBFA48228, 0xB5688F3B */
pS4 = 7.91534994289814532176e-04, /* 0x3F49EFE0, 0x7501B288 */
pS5 = 3.47933107596021167570e-05, /* 0x3F023DE1, 0x0DFDF709 */
qS1 = -2.40339491173441421878e+00, /* 0xC0033A27, 0x1C8A2D4B */
qS2 = 2.02094576023350569471e+00, /* 0x40002AE5, 0x9C598AC8 */
qS3 = -6.88283971605453293030e-01, /* 0xBFE6066C, 0x1B8D0159 */
qS4 = 7.70381505559019352791e-02; /* 0x3FB3B8C5, 0xB12E9282 */
#ifdef __STDC__
double __ieee754_asin(double x)
#else
double __ieee754_asin(x)
double x;
#endif
{
double t,w,p,q,c,r,s;
int hx,ix;
hx = __HI(x);
ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
if(ix>= 0x3ff00000) { /* |x|>= 1 */
if(((ix-0x3ff00000)|__LO(x))==0)
/* asin(1)=+-pi/2 with inexact */
return x*pio2_hi+x*pio2_lo;
return (x-x)/(x-x); /* asin(|x|>1) is NaN */
} else if (ix<0x3fe00000) { /* |x|<0.5 */
if(ix<0x3e400000) { /* if |x| < 2**-27 */
if(huge+x>one) return x;/* return x with inexact if x!=0*/
} else
t = x*x;
p = t*(pS0+t*(pS1+t*(pS2+t*(pS3+t*(pS4+t*pS5)))));
q = one+t*(qS1+t*(qS2+t*(qS3+t*qS4)));
w = p/q;
return x+x*w;
}
/* 1> |x|>= 0.5 */
w = one-fabs(x);
t = w*0.5;
p = t*(pS0+t*(pS1+t*(pS2+t*(pS3+t*(pS4+t*pS5)))));
q = one+t*(qS1+t*(qS2+t*(qS3+t*qS4)));
s = sqrt(t);
if(ix>=0x3FEF3333) { /* if |x| > 0.975 */
w = p/q;
t = pio2_hi-(2.0*(s+s*w)-pio2_lo);
} else {
w = s;
__LO(w) = 0;
c = (t-w*w)/(s+w);
r = p/q;
p = 2.0*s*r-(pio2_lo-2.0*c);
q = pio4_hi-2.0*w;
t = pio4_hi-(p-q);
}
if(hx>0) return t; else return -t;
}
/* @(#)s_atan.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*
* ====================================================
* Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
* software is freely granted, provided that this notice
* is preserved.
* ====================================================
*
*/
/* atan(x)
* Method
* 1. Reduce x to positive by atan(x) = -atan(-x).
* 2. According to the integer k=4t+0.25 chopped, t=x, the argument
* is further reduced to one of the following intervals and the
* arctangent of t is evaluated by the corresponding formula:
*
* [0,7/16] atan(x) = t-t^3*(a1+t^2*(a2+...(a10+t^2*a11)...)
* [7/16,11/16] atan(x) = atan(1/2) + atan( (t-0.5)/(1+t/2) )
* [11/16.19/16] atan(x) = atan( 1 ) + atan( (t-1)/(1+t) )
* [19/16,39/16] atan(x) = atan(3/2) + atan( (t-1.5)/(1+1.5t) )
* [39/16,INF] atan(x) = atan(INF) + atan( -1/t )
*
* Constants:
* The hexadecimal values are the intended ones for the following
* constants. The decimal values may be used, provided that the
* compiler will convert from decimal to binary accurately enough
* to produce the hexadecimal values shown.
*/
#include "fdlibm.h"
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double atanhi[] = {
#else
static double atanhi[] = {
#endif
4.63647609000806093515e-01, /* atan(0.5)hi 0x3FDDAC67, 0x0561BB4F */
7.85398163397448278999e-01, /* atan(1.0)hi 0x3FE921FB, 0x54442D18 */
9.82793723247329054082e-01, /* atan(1.5)hi 0x3FEF730B, 0xD281F69B */
1.57079632679489655800e+00, /* atan(inf)hi 0x3FF921FB, 0x54442D18 */
};
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double atanlo[] = {
#else
static double atanlo[] = {
#endif
2.26987774529616870924e-17, /* atan(0.5)lo 0x3C7A2B7F, 0x222F65E2 */
3.06161699786838301793e-17, /* atan(1.0)lo 0x3C81A626, 0x33145C07 */
1.39033110312309984516e-17, /* atan(1.5)lo 0x3C700788, 0x7AF0CBBD */
6.12323399573676603587e-17, /* atan(inf)lo 0x3C91A626, 0x33145C07 */
};
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double aT[] = {
#else
static double aT[] = {
#endif
3.33333333333329318027e-01, /* 0x3FD55555, 0x5555550D */
-1.99999999998764832476e-01, /* 0xBFC99999, 0x9998EBC4 */
1.42857142725034663711e-01, /* 0x3FC24924, 0x920083FF */
-1.11111104054623557880e-01, /* 0xBFBC71C6, 0xFE231671 */
9.09088713343650656196e-02, /* 0x3FB745CD, 0xC54C206E */
-7.69187620504482999495e-02, /* 0xBFB3B0F2, 0xAF749A6D */
6.66107313738753120669e-02, /* 0x3FB10D66, 0xA0D03D51 */
-5.83357013379057348645e-02, /* 0xBFADDE2D, 0x52DEFD9A */
4.97687799461593236017e-02, /* 0x3FA97B4B, 0x24760DEB */
-3.65315727442169155270e-02, /* 0xBFA2B444, 0x2C6A6C2F */
1.62858201153657823623e-02, /* 0x3F90AD3A, 0xE322DA11 */
};
#ifdef __STDC__
static const double
#else
static double
#endif
one = 1.0,
huge = 1.0e300;
#ifdef __STDC__
double atan(double x)
#else
double atan(x)
double x;
#endif
{
double w,s1,s2,z;
int ix,hx,id;
hx = __HI(x);
ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
if(ix>=0x44100000) { /* if |x| >= 2^66 */
if(ix>0x7ff00000||
(ix==0x7ff00000&&(__LO(x)!=0)))
return x+x; /* NaN */
if(hx>0) return atanhi[3]+atanlo[3];
else return -atanhi[3]-atanlo[3];
} if (ix < 0x3fdc0000) { /* |x| < 0.4375 */
if (ix < 0x3e200000) { /* |x| < 2^-29 */
if(huge+x>one) return x; /* raise inexact */
}
id = -1;
} else {
x = fabs(x);
if (ix < 0x3ff30000) { /* |x| < 1.1875 */
if (ix < 0x3fe60000) { /* 7/16 <=|x|<11/16 */
id = 0; x = (2.0*x-one)/(2.0+x);
} else { /* 11/16<=|x|< 19/16 */
id = 1; x = (x-one)/(x+one);
}
} else {
if (ix < 0x40038000) { /* |x| < 2.4375 */
id = 2; x = (x-1.5)/(one+1.5*x);
} else { /* 2.4375 <= |x| < 2^66 */
id = 3; x = -1.0/x;
}
}}
/* end of argument reduction */
z = x*x;
w = z*z;
/* break sum from i=0 to 10 aT[i]z**(i+1) into odd and even poly */
s1 = z*(aT[0]+w*(aT[2]+w*(aT[4]+w*(aT[6]+w*(aT[8]+w*aT[10])))));
s2 = w*(aT[1]+w*(aT[3]+w*(aT[5]+w*(aT[7]+w*aT[9]))));
if (id<0) return x - x*(s1+s2);
else {
z = atanhi[id] - ((x*(s1+s2) - atanlo[id]) - x);
return (hx<0)? -z:z;
}
}
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment