Commit d5853cfb authored by Raymond Toy's avatar Raymond Toy

Merge branch 'rtoy-add-emarsden-contribs' into 'master'

Fix #81: Add contribs written by Eric Marsden

Closes #81, #80, and #79

See merge request !48
parents 23d9f60e 84fd9509
Pipeline #1337 passed with stage
in 11 minutes and 19 seconds
;;;; -*- Mode: LISP; Syntax: ANSI-Common-Lisp; Base: 10 -*-
(in-package :asdf)
(defsystem :contrib-cpc
:name "tcp-forwarder"
:author "Eric Marsden"
:maintainer "CMU Common Lisp Group"
:long-description "Interface to CPU Performace Counters Library provided with Solaris"
((:file "cpc")))
;;; cpc.lisp -- access the hardware performance counters on Solaris
;; Author: Eric Marsden <>
;; Time-stamp: <2004-01-03 emarsden>
;; Version: 0.5
;; Copying: This code is in the public domain.
;; This file provides access from CMUCL to the CPU Performance
;; Counters Library provided with Solaris 8. These routines allow you
;; to obtain measurements on certain low level performance measures,
;; such as the number of instructions and processor cycles required to
;; execute a certain bit of code, the number of cycles lost due to
;; incorrectly predicted branches, etc. Only tested on UltraSPARC, but
;; may also work on Solaris x86.
;; Note that the user is responsible for sampling the performance
;; counters sufficiently frequently for them not to wrap. For more
;; information see libcpc(3), cputrack(1) and the SPARC manuals.
;; See also the Perfmon tool
;; <URL:>
;; and
;; <URL:>
;; <URL:>
;; <URL:>
;; <URL:>
;; Here is the meaning of the event specifier flags for UltraSPARC-II
;; (see the SPARC Architecture Manual for more information):
;; +------------------------------------------------------------------+
;; |Cycle_cnt |Accumulated cycles |
;; |Instr_cnt |The number of instructions completed |
;; |Dispatch0_IC_miss |Cycles I-buffer empty from I-Cache miss |
;; |Dispatch0_mispred |Cycles I-buffer empty from branch misprediction|
;; |Dispatch0_storeBuf|Cycles store buffer full |
;; |Dispatch0_FP_use |Cycles stalled waiting for fp dependency |
;; |Load_use |Cycles stalled waiting for load |
;; |Load_use_RAW |Cycles stalled on some weird internal condition|
;; |IC_ref |I-Cache references |
;; |IC_hit |I-Cache hits |
;; |DC_rd |D-Cache read references |
;; |DC_rd_hit |D-Cache read hits |
;; |DC_wr |D-Cache write references |
;; |DC_wr_hit |D-Cache write hits |
;; |EC_ref |E-Cache references |
;; |EC_hit |E-Cache hits |
;; |EC_write_hit_RDO |See User's guide |
;; |EC_wb |E-Cache misses that do writebacks |
;; |EC_snoop_inv |E-Cache invalidates |
;; |EC_snoop_cb |E-Cache snoop copy-backs |
;; |EC_rd_hit |E-Cache read hits from D-Cache misses |
;; |EC_ic_hit |E-Cache read hits from I-Cache misses |
;; +------------------------------------------------------------------+
;; Some of these event specifiers only work on one of the performance
;; counters (eg on pic1 but not pic0); see cputrack -h for details.
;; from cpc_bind_event(3):
;; Sometimes, even the overhead of performing a system call will be too
;; disruptive to the events being measured. Once a call to
;; cpc_bind_event() has been issued, it is possible to directly access
;; the performance hardware registers from within the application. If the
;; performance counter context is active, then the counters will count on
;; behalf of the current LWP .
;; rd %pic, %rN ! All UltraSPARC
;; wr %rN, %pic ! (ditto, but see text)
;; TODO: add ability to flush the caches, in order to be able to
;; compare cold and warm execution times and CPI values. Convert some
;; of the examples provided with perfmon (matrix multiplication for
;; example).
;; Use the ability of the UltraSPARC-III to signal a trap on overflow
;; of a performance counter.
;; The type of statistics that are useful to obtain include
;; - cycles per instruction (CPI)
;; - decomposition into memory loads and stores
;; - the separate contribution of memory latency to total CPI
;; (depends on the program access pattern and on the memory
;; hierarchy, establishes an upper bound on the possible improvement
;; that could be acheived by using prefetching)
;; - number of prefetches issued but never referenced (measures
;; accuracy of address prediction algorithm)
;; - the number of cache misses per 1000 instructions (with
;; decomposition into i-cache, d-cache etc).
;; - the number of cycles lost due to data and control hazards
;; Benchmarks for C++ workloads on UltraSPARC:
;; <URL:>
(defpackage :cpu-performance-counters
(:nicknames :cpc)
(:use :common-lisp
(:export #:cpc-init
(in-package :cpc)
(declaim (optimize (speed 3) (safety 1) (debug 0)))
(eval-when (:load-toplevel :execute)
(sys::load-object-file "/usr/lib/"))
;; /usr/include/sys/time.h
(def-alien-type hrtime_t (alien:integer 64))
(def-alien-routine "gethrtime" hrtime_t)
(def-alien-routine "gethrvtime" hrtime_t)
;; /usr/include/sys/cpc_event.h
(eval-when (:compile-toplevel :load-toplevel :execute)
(def-alien-type cpc_event_t
(struct _cpc_event
(ce_cpuver int)
(ce_hrt hrtime_t)
(ce_tick (alien:unsigned 64))
(ce_pic0 (alien:unsigned 64))
(ce_pic1 (alien:unsigned 64))
(ce_pcr (alien:unsigned 64))))
(def-alien-type p_cpc_event_t (* cpc_event_t)))
(defparameter +cpu-version+ 0)
(eval-when (:compile-toplevel :load-toplevel)
(defconstant +CPC_BIND_LWP_INHERIT+ #x1)
(defconstant +CPC_BIND_EMT_OVF+ #x2)
(defconstant +CPC_ULTRA1+ 1000)
(defconstant +CPC_ULTRA2+ 1001)
(defconstant +CPC_ULTRA3+ 1002)
(defconstant +CPC_ULTRA3_PLUS+ 1003)
(defconstant +CPC_ULTRA3_I+ 1004)
(defconstant +CPC_PENTIUM+ 2000)
(defconstant +CPC_PENTIUM_MMX+ 2001)
(defconstant +CPC_PENTIUM_PRO+ 2002)
(defconstant +CPC_PENTIUM_PRO_MMX+ 2003))
;; /usr/include/libcpc.h
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_version" %cpc_version) unsigned-int (ver unsigned-int))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_getcpuver" %cpc_getcpuver) int)
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_getusage" %cpc_getusage) c-string
(cpuver int))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_strtoevent" %cpc_strtoevent) int
(cpuver int)
(spec c-string)
(event (* cpc_event_t)))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_eventtostr" %cpc_eventtostr) c-string
(event (* cpc_event_t)))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_access" %cpc_access) int)
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_bind_event" %cpc_bind_event) int
(event (* cpc_event_t))
(flags int))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_take_sample" %cpc_take_sample) int
(event (* cpc_event_t)))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_event_accum" %cpc_event_accum) void
(accum (* cpc_event_t))
(event (* cpc_event_t)))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_event_diff" %cpc_event_diff) void
(diff (* cpc_event_t))
(after (* cpc_event_t))
(before (* cpc_event_t)))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_count_usr_events" %cpc_count_usr_events) int
(enable int))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_count_sys_events" %cpc_count_sys_events) int
(enable int))
(def-alien-routine ("cpc_rele" %cpc_rele) int)
(define-condition cpc-condition (condition) ())
(define-condition cpc-error (cpc-condition) ())
(define-condition cpc-unavailable (cpc-error) ())
(define-condition cpc-noaccess (cpc-error) ())
(define-condition cpc-no-such-event (cpc-error) ())
(defun cpc-get-cpu-version ()
(unless (zerop (%cpc_access))
(error 'cpc-noaccess))
(let ((res (%cpc_getcpuver)))
(when (eql -1 res) (error 'cpc-unavailable))
(defun cpc-init ()
(setf +cpu-version+ (cpc-get-cpu-version))
(case +cpu-version+
(#.+cpc_ultra1+ (pushnew :cpc-ultrasparc-1 *features*))
(#.+cpc_ultra2+ (pushnew :cpc-ultrasparc-2 *features*))
(#.+cpc_ultra3+ (pushnew :cpc-ultrasparc-3 *features*))
(#.+cpc_ultra3_i+ (pushnew :cpc-ultrasparc-3i *features*))
(#.+cpc_pentium+ (pushnew :cpc-pentium *features*)))
;; the caller should call CPC-FREE on the returned value
(defun cpc-string-to-event (spec)
(let ((event (make-alien cpc_event_t)))
(unless (zerop (%cpc_strtoevent +cpu-version+ spec event))
(error 'cpc-no-such-event))
(defun cpc-bind-event (event)
(unless (zerop (%cpc_bind_event event 0))
(error 'cpc-error)))
;; this side-effects EVENT
(defun cpc-take-sample (event)
(unless (zerop (%cpc_take_sample event))
(error 'cpc-error)))
(defun cpc-event-diff (diff before after)
(%cpc_event_diff diff before after))
(defun cpc-free (&rest events)
(dolist (e events)
(when (alien::alien-pointer-type-p e)
(free-alien e))))
;;; adapted from code by Derek L Davies <> posted
;;; to on 2000-07-13.
;;; Munged code from CMUCL's multiprocessing START-SIGALRM-YIELD
;;; function. Might be dangerous: needs to be heavily tested.
;;; Examples:
;;; (with-timeout (5 (progn (format t "Timed out!~%") 'time-is-up))
;;; (do ((i 0 (+ i 1))) ((> i 3) 'done)
;;; (sleep 3) (format t "hi~%")))
;;; => TIME-IS-UP
;;; (with-timeout (30 (progn (format t "Timed out!~%") 'time-is-up))
;;; (do ((i 0 (+ i 1))) ((> i 3) 'done)
;;; (sleep 3) (format t "hi~%")))
;;; => DONE
(defvar *nested-with-timeout* nil)
(defmacro with-timeout ((timeout-symbol &rest if-timedout) &rest body)
(let ((catch-tag (gensym))
(secs (gensym))
(usecs (gensym)))
(catch ',catch-tag
(if *nested-with-timeout*
(format *debug-io* "Nested with-timeout running under CMUCL.")
(setq *nested-with-timeout* nil))
(setq *nested-with-timeout* t)
;; Disable the gencgc pointer filter to improve interrupt safety.
(setf (alien:extern-alien "enable_pointer_filter" alien:unsigned) 0)
(flet ((sigalrm-handler (signal code scp)
(declare (ignore signal code scp))
(when (<= lisp::*free-interrupt-context-index* 1)
(setq *nested-with-timeout* nil)
(throw ',catch-tag (progn ,@if-timedout))))))
(sys:enable-interrupt :sigalrm #'sigalrm-handler))
(multiple-value-bind (,secs ,usecs)
(floor (floor (* 1000000.0 ,timeout-symbol)) 1000000)
(unix:unix-setitimer :real 0 0 ,secs ,usecs)))
(progn ,@body)
;; This resets the timer. If we fail to do this we'll get a throw after
;; we've exited the catch.
(unix:unix-setitimer :real 0 0 0 0)
(setq *nested-with-timeout* nil))))))))
;; Run FUNCTION with ARGS for MAX-SECONDS seconds, and return multiple
;; values delta-pic0 and delta-pic1.
(defun cpc-trace (event-spec function &key (max-seconds 10))
(let ((event (cpc-string-to-event event-spec))
delta-pic0 delta-pic1)
(when (zerop +cpu-version+) (cpc-init))
(with-alien ((before cpc_event_t)
(after cpc_event_t)
(diff cpc_event_t))
(cpc-bind-event event)
(cpc-take-sample (addr before))
(with-timeout (max-seconds 'timeout)
(funcall function))
(cpc-take-sample (addr after))
(cpc-event-diff (addr diff) (addr after) (addr before))
(setf delta-pic0 (alien:slot diff 'ce_pic0))
(setf delta-pic1 (alien:slot diff 'ce_pic1)))
(cpc-free event)
(values delta-pic0 delta-pic1)))
(defvar *pic0* 0)
(defvar *pic1* 0)
(defvar *old-cpc-event* (alien:make-alien cpc_event_t))
(defun cpc-sigalrm-handler (sig code scp)
(declare (ignore sig code scp)
(optimize speed))
(let ((delta-pic0 0)
(delta-pic1 0))
(with-alien ((now cpc_event_t)
(diff cpc_event_t))
(cpc-take-sample (addr now))
(cpc-event-diff (addr diff) (addr now) *old-cpc-event*)
(setf delta-pic0 (alien:slot diff 'ce_pic0))
(setf delta-pic1 (alien:slot diff 'ce_pic1))
;; copy from now to *old-cpc-event*
(dotimes (byte (alien:alien-size cpc_event_t :bytes))
(setf (sys:sap-ref-8 (alien:alien-sap *old-cpc-event*) byte)
(sys:sap-ref-8 (alien:alien-sap now) byte))))
(incf *pic0* delta-pic0)
(incf *pic1* delta-pic1)))
;; different version, that polls the counters every 3 seconds
(defun cpc-trace/poll (event-spec function &key (max-seconds 7))
(let ((event (cpc-string-to-event event-spec))
(elapsed-seconds 0))
(assert (<= 3 max-seconds))
(dotimes (byte (alien:alien-size cpc_event_t :bytes))
(setf (sys:sap-ref-8 (alien:alien-sap *old-cpc-event*) byte) 0))
;; don't set to 0 to avoid division by zero
(setf *pic0* 1
*pic1* 1)
(cpc-bind-event event)
(sys:enable-interrupt :sigvtalrm #'cpc-sigalrm-handler)
(unix:unix-setitimer :virtual 3 0 3 0)
(cpc-take-sample *old-cpc-event*)
(if max-seconds
(with-timeout (max-seconds 'timeout)
(funcall function))
(funcall function))
;; should add an UNWIND-PROTECT
(unix:unix-setitimer :virtual 0 0 0 0)
(sys:ignore-interrupt :sigvtalrm)
(funcall #'cpc-sigalrm-handler 0 0 0)
(cpc-free event))
(values *pic0* *pic1*))
;; some sample uses of the library to calculate various statistics
;; FIXME rewrite these in terms of a wrapper function that adds them to a list of available
;; monitoring functions
(defun calculate-cpi (function)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Instr_cnt,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic1 pic0))))
(defun calculate-icache-miss (function)
(ecase +cpu-version+
((#.+cpc_ultra1+ #.+cpc_ultra2+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=IC_ref,pic1=IC_hit" function)
(float (/ (- pic0 pic1) pic0))))
((#.+cpc_ultra3+ #.+cpc_ultra3_plus+ #.+cpc_ultra3_i+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=IC_ref,pic1=IC_miss" function)
(float (/ pic1 pic0))))))
(defun calculate-ecache-miss (function)
(ecase +cpu-version+
((#.+cpc_ultra1+ #.+cpc_ultra2+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=EC_ref,pic1=EC_hit" function)
(float (/ (- pic0 pic1) pic0))))
((#.+cpc_ultra3+ #.+cpc_ultra3_plus+ #.+cpc_ultra3_i+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=EC_ref,pic1=EC_misses" function)
(float (/ pic1 pic0))))))
;; Counts the proportion of cycles stalled due to the event that no
;; instructions are issued because I-queue is empty from instruction
;; cache miss. This count includes L2-cache miss processing if a
;; L2-cache miss also occurs.
(defun calculate-instruction-stall (function)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Dispatch0_IC_miss,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic0 pic1))))
;; Counts the proportion of cycles stalled due to the event that no
;; instructions are issued because I-queue is empty due to branch
;; misprediction.
(defun calculate-mispredict-stall (function)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Cycle_cnt,pic1=Dispatch0_mispred" function)
(float (/ pic1 pic0))))
(defun calculate-load-stall (function)
(ecase +cpu-version+
((#.+cpc_ultra1+ #.+cpc_ultra2+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Load_use,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic0 pic1))))
;; Rstall_IU_use is the number of cycles stalled because the
;; processor was waiting for an integer value to be generated.
;; There is also a corresponding Rstall_FP_use counter, which we ignore here.
((#.+cpc_ultra3+ #.+cpc_ultra3_plus+ #.+cpc_ultra3_i+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Rstall_IU_use,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic0 pic1))))))
;; FIXME on US-III want to know Re_DC_miss for L1 & L2 cache misses
;; mostly uninteresting: this is always very close to 0
(defun calculate-stob-stall (function)
(case +cpu-version+
((#.+cpc_ultra1+ #.+cpc_ultra2+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=Dispatch0_storeBuf,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic0 pic1))))))
;; approximately 90 cycles are required to handle a TLB miss on an UltraSPARC III processor
(defun calculate-DTLB-miss (function)
(ecase +cpu-version+
((#.+cpc_ultra3+ #.+cpc_ultra3_plus+ #.+cpc_ultra3_i+)
(multiple-value-bind (pic0 pic1)
(funcall #'cpc-trace/poll "pic0=DTLB_miss,pic1=Cycle_cnt" function)
(float (/ pic0 pic1))))))
;; D-Cache Miss Rate = 0.000058 <- L1 cache miss
;; L2 miss rate = 0.024860 <- L2 cache miss
;; FP Stall rate = 0.286592 <- float pipeline stalls
;; DTLB miss rate = 0.299275 <- TLB misses rate (30%)
;; FLOPS = 2157.783478 <- float operations per second
;; elapsed time = 85.420990 secs <- total time to run
;; pic0=DC_rd,pic1=DC_wr_miss
;; pic0=DC_wr,pic1=DC_wr_miss
;; pic1=Rstall_FP_use,pic0=Cycle_cnt
;; FM_pipe_completion,pic0=FA_pipe_completion (FLOPS)
;; === for UltraSPARC II ==
;; event0: Cycle_cnt Instr_cnt Dispatch0_IC_miss IC_ref DC_rd DC_wr
;; EC_ref EC_snoop_inv Dispatch0_storeBuf Load_use
;; EC_write_hit_RDO EC_rd_hit
;; event1: Cycle_cnt Instr_cnt Dispatch0_mispred EC_wb EC_snoop_cb
;; Dispatch0_FP_use IC_hit DC_rd_hit DC_wr_hit Load_use_RAW
;; EC_hit EC_ic_hit
;; === UltraSPARC III events ==
;; event0: Cycle_cnt Instr_cnt Dispatch0_IC_miss IC_ref DC_rd DC_wr
;; EC_ref EC_snoop_inv Dispatch0_br_target Dispatch0_2nd_br
;; Rstall_storeQ Rstall_IU_use EC_write_hit_RTO EC_rd_miss
;; PC_port0_rd SI_snoop SI_ciq_flow SI_owned SW_count_0
;; IU_Stat_Br_miss_taken IU_Stat_Br_count_taken
;; Dispatch_rs_mispred FA_pipe_completion MC_reads_0
;; MC_reads_1 MC_reads_2 MC_reads_3 MC_stalls_0 MC_stalls_2
;; event1: Cycle_cnt Instr_cnt Dispatch0_mispred EC_wb EC_snoop_cb
;; IC_miss_cancelled Re_endian_miss Re_FPU_bypass Re_DC_miss
;; Re_EC_miss IC_miss DC_rd_miss DC_wr_miss Rstall_FP_use
;; EC_misses EC_ic_miss Re_PC_miss ITLB_miss DTLB_miss WC_miss
;; WC_snoop_cb WC_scrubbed WC_wb_wo_read PC_soft_hit
;; PC_snoop_inv PC_hard_hit PC_port1_rd SW_count_1
;; IU_Stat_Br_miss_untaken IU_Stat_Br_count_untaken
;; PC_MS_misses MC_writes_0 MC_writes_1 MC_writes_2
;; MC_writes_3 MC_stalls_1 MC_stalls_3 Re_RAW_miss
;; FM_pipe_completion
;; EOF
;;;; -*- Mode: LISP; Syntax: ANSI-Common-Lisp; Base: 10 -*-
(in-package :asdf)
(defsystem :contrib-ssl
:name "tcp-forwarder"
:author "Eric Marsden"
:license "GPL 2"
:maintainer "CMU Common Lisp Group"
:long-description "Provides SSL streams"
((:file "ssl-cmucl")))
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;;;; -*- Mode: LISP; Syntax: ANSI-Common-Lisp; Base: 10 -*-
(in-package :asdf)
(defsystem :contrib-tcp-forwarder
:name "tcp-forwarder"
:author "Eric Marsden"
:maintainer "CMU Common Lisp Group"
:long-description "A port forwarder, or redirector, redirecting TCP connections to another port on another machine."
((:file "tcp-forwarder")))
;;; tcp-forwarder.lisp --- forward TCP connnections using SERVE-EVENT
;;; Author: Eric Marsden <>
;;; Time-stamp: <2001-04-12 emarsden>
;; This program is a port forwarder, or redirector. It redirects TCP
;; connections to another port on another machine. The program can
;; handle multiple concurrent connections.
;; Note the use of CMUCL's SERVE-EVENT facility to handle several
;; concurrent connections without using any multithreading.
(defpackage :cmu-tcp-forwarder
(:use "COMMON-LISP" "UNIX"))
(in-package :cmu-tcp-forwarder)
(defparameter +target-host+ "poulenc")
(defparameter +target-port+ 8002)
(defparameter +source-port+ 2077)
(defvar *read-buffer* (make-string 1024))
(defvar *forwarded-fds* (make-hash-table))
(defun input-handler (from-fd)
(declare (type integer from-fd))
(let ((to-fd (gethash from-fd *forwarded-fds*)))
(unless to-fd
(format *debug-io* "Not a forwarded descriptor: ~d~%" from-fd)
(throw 'forwarder-loop nil))
(multiple-value-bind (count err)
(unix-read from-fd (sys:vector-sap *read-buffer*) 100)
(when (or (null count) (zerop count))
(unless count
(format *debug-io* "Error reading from file descriptor ~d: ~a"
from-fd (get-unix-error-msg err)))
(unix-close from-fd)
(unix-close to-fd)
(sys:invalidate-descriptor from-fd)
(sys:invalidate-descriptor to-fd)
(remhash from-fd *forwarded-fds*)
(remhash to-fd *forwarded-fds*)
(return-from input-handler))
(unix-write to-fd (sys:vector-sap *read-buffer*) 0 count))))
(defun accept-handler (fd)
(let ((to-fd (ext:connect-to-inet-socket +target-host+ +target-port+))
(from-fd (ext:accept-tcp-connection fd)))
(setf (gethash to-fd *forwarded-fds*) from-fd)
(setf (gethash from-fd *forwarded-fds*) to-fd)
(sys:add-fd-handler from-fd :input #'input-handler)
(sys:add-fd-handler to-fd :input #'input-handler)))
(defun forward ()
(system:default-interrupt SIGPIPE)
(let ((fd (ext:create-inet-listener +source-port+)))
(sys:add-fd-handler fd :input #'accept-handler)
(loop (catch 'forwarder-loop (sys:serve-all-events 1)))))
;; EOF
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